Julia Kristeva, ou la méditation sur l’Humanisme
Julia Kristeva was born in 1941 in Bulgaria. She studied and worked in Paris from 1965. After leaving her homeland, she discovers a “foreign” identity. Travel shapes her way of life that she describes as “nomadic”: China, the United States, Europe, etc. For Kristeva, travel is an essential element in her identical and spiritual quest. This article will investigate Kristeva’s ideas by referring to her fictional and autobiographical texts. The aim of her spiritual quest is based on the articulation psychoanalysis/philosophy. According to Kristeva, the 21st-century man is in crisis, because of “dislocations” with family, entourage and others, etc. Therefore, Kristeva forges a new path: Humanism. Being a legacy of Christianity and the basis of Europe, Humanism also maintains relations with other spiritualities in the world. This article tries to highlight her thought of Humanism as a spiritual quest, knowing that Kristeva seeks to develop a feminine world view, outside the wars, religious extremism, violence, aggression of young people and the destruction of the planet.